When people hear the word “Government”, the first thing that comes into their mind is “Power”. But what’s the real meaning of it and its role in our society? To understand the function and role of government organization, keep on reading this article until the end.
What is the Government?
The government refers to a system or a group of people that governs a community or unit. It set rules and administers public policy to keep it running smoothly, securely, and peacefully through the use of executive, political and sovereign power. A government can be classified into many types such as democracy, republic, monarchy, aristocracy, and dictatorship.
Roles of the Government
- Preserve Order – Government organization is important in our society because it helps in maintaining social peace by imposing rules and laws. This is so we can live in peace and in harmony.
- Defend Against External Enemies – Aside from preserving order, Government organization’s chief function is to keep its people safe and protect the society against outside aggression.
- Manage Economic Conditions – In addition, Government organization also manages our economic conditions for economic growth and material prosperity. Though not all governments can do this successfully.
- Redistribute Income and Resources – Every income and Resources of our Government are redistributed by our government . So, in other words, the fruit of prosperity of our government are distributed to people who are in need such as young people, old, disabled and socially challenged individuals.
Some wealthier governments provide subsidized housing, food, and health care for the poor and provide pensions for the elderly.
- Prevent Externalities – Externalities are indirect costs or benefits produced by an activity which impacts society. An example of negative externalities are factories that produce air pollution that can be harmful to individuals living nearby.
Those who are suffering from pollution do not share any profit from the polluting factory by its activity. Governments regulate activities that impose harmful or undesirable externalities.
On the contrary, education is an example of a positive externality especially when members of society other than students benefit from a more educated population. Externalities are not always physical, as in the case of pollution. They may also be psychological or aesthetic.
We can never deny that the government organization indeed plays a vital role in our society. This is because it preserves order, establishes justice, keeps us secure, and more.